Treatment of sexual assault

Duration: 10min 14sec Views: 372 Submitted: 27.10.2019
Category: Casting
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License, which permits for noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any digital medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not altered in any way. Sexual assault occurs with alarming frequency in Canada. The prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD in assault survivors is drastically higher than the national prevalence of the disorder, which is a strong indication that the current therapies for sexual-assault-related PTSD are in need of improvement. Increasing knowledge and understanding of the pathologies associated with rape trauma in biological, psychological and sociological domains will help to develop more effective treatments for survivors. A dysregulation of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal HPA axis is observed in survivors of sexual assault and this may be a fundamental cause of the structural and functional abnormalities contributing to PTSD symptoms.

Psychotherapy with Survivors of Sexual Abuse and Assault

Sexual Assault Treatment Centre

After a sexual assault or rape , victims are often subjected to scrutiny and, in some cases, mistreatment. Victims undergo medical examinations and are interviewed by police. If there is a criminal trial, victims suffer a loss of privacy and their credibility may be challenged. Victims may also become the target of slut-shaming , abuse, social stigmatization , sexual slurs and cyberbullying. Various laws have been created with a motive to protect victims. During criminal proceedings, publication bans and rape shield laws protect victims from excessive public scrutiny.

Rape Crisis Network Europe

Sexual assault and abuse can result in severe physical and emotional trauma to the victim. Deploying targeted psychotherapeutic treatment that is individualized for the survivor is important to achieving optimal patient outcomes. There are several valid and evidence-based treatments available for posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD and interpersonal difficulties that can result from sexual abuse and assault. In this article, the authors discuss psychodynamic psychotherapy, trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy TF-CBT , and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy EMDR for the treatment of patients following sexual assault and abuse.
Sexual violence is shockingly common in our society. In some Asian, African, and Middle Eastern countries, that figure is even higher. Regardless of age or gender, the impact of sexual violence goes far beyond any physical injuries.